Why does the Teesta river run dry in non-monsoon months? Because it has more dams than it needs

Why does the Teesta river run dry in non-monsoon months? Because it has more dams than it needs

The debate over the Teesta river basin has become essential for the relationship between Bangladesh and India.

The rise in the eastern Himalayas, Teesta through two states of India – Sikkim and West Bengal – before reaching Bangladesh and merging with the Brahmaputra.

But how does it work, except during the four months of the monsoon from June to September?

This has become essential, as the governments of India and Bangladesh want to sign a treaty to share water Teesta, but the state of West Bengal opposed it, saying there is not enough water to share. Given the federal system in India and the current political situation, it was impossible for New Delhi to ignore Calcutta – a situation that may continue.

Bangladesh and India share 54 transboundary rivers. While the treaty of Teesta was merged again during Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s visit to New Delhi in April, the Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee, offered to share the other rivers water place. The Bangladeshi government does not agree.

What is the main reason for the opposition of the Government of West Bengal? As reported for the first time by thethirdpole.net, an internal report from the State Government states that in the period of scarcity, Teesta approximates 1/16 of the water needed to support rice culture in the dry season – the main way of life Of the majority of people living in this part of West Bengal.

Following this report thethirdpole.net, there were reports in the Bangladeshi media that the West Bengal government moved most of Teesta water away from the river to the mother and took it to Gajaldoba Mahananda the river through a channel Union. The Mahananda through West Bengal and Bihar before merging with the Ganges slightly upstream of the Farakka Dam.

To see what was happening, a journalist assigned to thethirdpole.net walked along the banks of the Teesta between Sikkim and Gajaldoba – the dam is just upstream of Jalpaiguri – and spoke with experts.

The trip in early June – before the scenery changes dramatically due to monsoon rains – has confirmed that only a little water flowed slowly on some twisted channels in the broad bed of the Teesta River.

But there was a lot of water, just upstream of the many hydroelectric projects already surpass the Teesta in Sikkim and West Bengal. This provides one of the answers to the question.

While traveling upstream along the Teesta, the project downstream of the Teesta (Phase IV) appears almost as soon as one enters the foothills of the Himalayas. This is supposed to be a 160-megawatt hydroelectric project on the river.

Just downstream from the dam, the riverbed is dry to the bone. Upstream, there is a large pool of standing water.

As we walk a few kilometers upstream, the scenario is repeated in the project Teide Project under the dam (Phase III), a current 132 MW hydroelectric project.

And it is the same upstream in Sikkim, which are running a number of river hydroelectric plants, while others are under construction. The larger the plant, the more its prey and the more stagnant pool above the dam.

River hydroelectric projects have been approved because they did not retain water. But that’s exactly what they do. Why?

With just 15 days left for sowing, Maharashtra government’s loan waiver won’t control the damage

With just 15 days left for sowing, Maharashtra government’s loan waiver won’t control the damage

Burma mind of the village of Gangapur in the district of Latur is a small farmer with 4.5 hectares of land. He had taken a loan of Rs 54,000 from an agricultural cooperative in April 2015. A large part of the loan was used for the medical treatment of his son Santosh, who consumes the poison in order to commit suicide. The rest of the money has contributed to spread this season, which finally was defeated due to the bad monsoon.

The Mente cooperative farming society charges at an interest rate of 11% for a debtor, as opposed to 6% regular payment. Its debt stood at Rs 69,000 on March 31. Now it expects a loan derogation but does not consider how to organize the cost of inputs for this planting season.

The same story was repeated in thousands of locations in Marathwada. The Maharashtra government has announced a waiver of agricultural credit for marginal farmers, which should cost the state government 30 billion rupees. From this follows a similar announcement by Uttar Pradesh in April, Rs 35,000 crore. Maharashtra’s chief minister, Devendra Fadnavis, announced that the state government would provide immediate relief of R10,000 to each farmer who owns less than five acres of farmland. “The banks would be invited to give immediate Rs 10,000 to each farmer, especially those in debt and with a weak and marginal property so that they can buy seeds and fertilizers,” said the chief minister.

However, a Government resolution (No. 0617/117/2 dated June 14) gave 19 criteria. This makes it difficult for small farmers to benefit from the exemption. Latur Central District Cooperative Bank Ltd, one of the top five cooperative banks in the state, has offered Rs 675 crore to 220,000 farmers in 2016, including 30,193 farmers (6%) are failing. “The governance criteria are so clumsy that only 10% of farmers would be eligible for this relief,” said a cooperative bank official on condition of anonymity. Sudhakar Shinde, President of the Free-Sale District of Latur farmers also criticized the rules.

Meanwhile, the state government has called on all nationalized banks and cooperative banking district to provide information on agricultural loans up to Rs 50,000 given to farmers. It is made clear that the details of the loan exemption would be available by the end of July. The way that farmers get loans this season remains a mystery.

However, farmers can not afford to wait – they must finish planting in the next 15 days. In the district of Latur, where the main crop is soybeans, 22% of the seedlings have already been completed. The cost of growing soybeans is about Rs 20,000 per acre, at least Rs 10,000 are needed in the beginning. Gangapur’s spirit currently requires at least Rs 25,000 for seeds, fertilizers, and manpower. As usual, he rushes to relatives, friends, and lenders, which will only increase debt.

Farmers started protesting in Maharashtra in April. Tarpon producers in the district of Ahmednagar decided to go on strike from 1 June. News spread on the onion beards of India in the neighboring Nasik district and later on in the neighboring districts. All farmers have decided to fight for the loan waiver and remunerative prices.

Tata Technologies, one of the best kept secrets of the Tata Group, is leaving the mothership

Tata Technologies, one of the best kept secrets of the Tata Group, is leaving the mothership

When Ratan Tata decided to build the Nano, once considered the world’s cheapest car, the former chairman of the Tata group has assembled four engineers. One of them was Tata Motors, the main arm of the automotive group. The other three were from Tata Technologies, a company little known in the steel salt conglomerate.

On June 15, the Tata Group announced its decision to sell a 43% stake in Tata Technologies, which was owned by Tata Motors (30%) and Tata Capital (13%). A subsidiary of private equity firm Warburg Pincus will pay $ 360 million for the purchase, after which the Tata Group has a minority stake of 43% in the Singapore-based company. The remaining property will be owned by the management team and other shareholders.

The deal will help reduce some of the nearly Rs 80 billion Rs of consolidated bond debt Tata Motors, which is eager to make economic gains from non-core businesses. The move also gives Tata Technologies the opportunity to learn from the experience and financial expertise of Warburg Pincus to evolve its business outside the Tata group and expand its work at the forefront of the automotive sector.

From a Tata Motors business unit, Tata Technologies has been transferred as an independent company in 1995 but has served almost exclusively to the mother nation. In 2005, just a few years before Ratan Tata participated in an important acquisition test that adds Jaguar Land Rover group, the company acquired INCAT International, a British design, and engineering firm.

“We had to take the public with Incat in 2004 and Mr. Tata suggested that we should put our customer base and our high-end capabilities that we built out of the capacity and cost that Tata Motors had established in India,” he said. Warren Harris, a veteran of Incat and now CEO of Tata Technologies.

Therefore, since the Tata Nano project has taken shape, Tata Technologies has also implemented, based on its working history with Tata Motors. “We really perfected our frugal engineering capabilities in this particular project,” said Harris. In 2009, for example, the engineers of 15 Tata Technologies have filed patent applications for the Tata Nano.

Over the years, Tata Technologies has worked on projects covering manufacturing. It’s private aircraft engineers manufacture wings designed for military transport aircraft, developed mechanical excavators for the construction industry and helped build a sports utility vehicle by a car manufacturer from Europe from scratch.

However, the company remains relatively unknown outside the automotive industry, particularly in India. “I agree that we are one of the best preserved within the group and market intelligence,” said Harris. The company mainly offers engineering and IT services subcontracting to manufacturers in the automotive, aerospace and industrial machinery sectors. With its engineering teams based in the UK, USA, Sweden, Romania, China, Thailand and India, Tata Technologies employs 8,500 people at 23 sites. In the last year, there was a turnover of $ 423 million (£ 2 billion), more than $ 350 million (Rs. 2250 billion) from vertical engineering, where Half of the activity.

When a river has the status of a person: From New Zealand to India, nature gets its day in court

When a river has the status of a person: From New Zealand to India, nature gets its day in court

In the 2000s, the idea of giving legal rights over nature was within the framework of environmental legal theory and public awareness.

Today, the Whanganui River in New Zealand is a person in domestic law, and the Ganges River in India has recently received human rights. In Ecuador, the Constitution enshrines the “right to full respect” of nature.

The theory of giving rights to nature was proposed in the 1970s by American jurist Christopher D. Stone as an environmental strategy defense strategy.

In environmental litigation, many cases fail because people with the lawsuit do not have the legal status to do so. It is difficult for the applicant, as the protection of the American environmental organization Sierra Club to demonstrate why, and not, for example, an owner, who has the power to prosecute environmental damage.

In other words, it is difficult for de facto representatives of nature to defend their interests before the courts.

As a workaround, Stone suggested giving rights to the environment itself as, as the rights holder, the environment would be allowed to wear a suit in its own name. The nature of rights are not rights to anything in particular, but simply a way of allowing nature to have a legal audience.

Lawyers took decades to transform theory into reality. But in 2006, Tamaqua Borough Pennsylvania became the first American community to recognize the rights of nature in the municipal territory. Since then, dozens of communities have passed similar local ordinances.

In Ecuador, Article 71 of the 2008 Constitution states that nature “has the right to full respect for its life and maintenance and regeneration of its life cycles, structure, functions, and processes scalable.”

In practice, this means that all people, communities, peoples, and nations can demand that the Ecuadorian authorities apply the rights of nature. One of these rights in accordance with article 72, has the right to be restored.

Ecuador’s approach to the rights of nature, which was quickly emulated in Bolivia, was notable in two ways. First, there are positive natural rights, that is, rights to something specific (restoration, regeneration, respect).

It also solves the question of the legal situation as completely as possible: by granting to all. In Ecuador, anyone – regardless of their relationship to a particular slice of land – can resort to the courts to protect it.

The first case was successfully carried out in 2011 by the Vilcabamba River. His court representatives were an American couple facing the sea, who sued the province of Loja, arguing that a planned road project would be to deposit large amounts of rock-digging equipment and into the river.

In general, however, Ecuador and Bolivia have mixed. In both countries, extractive industries continue to expand into an indigenous territory, oil (Ecuador) and continuous mining (in Bolivia).

In Ecuador, civil society groups have struggled to effectively exercise the rights of nature, partly because the national economy depends on activities that harm the environment they want to target.

Identity politics: Gorkhaland is to Mamata what Kashmir is to Modi

Identity politics: Gorkhaland is to Mamata what Kashmir is to Modi

Darjeeling swirled for almost two weeks. Since June 8, the resort town in the West Bengal Hills has seen battles clustered between demonstrators and security forces, while Gorkha Janmukti Morcha, the region’s large Gorkha party, has relaunched its request for a separate state of Nepal. The region – which depends on tourism – has seen visitors away and an almost complete stop.

With the economy of Bengal north injured and the public order situation in a mess, the Indian army had to be called in to help the state police. Conventionally, you might think that this conflagration could end up hurting the Trinamool Congress, which is in power in the state. However, ethnic policy in northern Bengal is not so simple. Despite the violence, Gorkhaland’s turmoil could actually end up helping the Congress politically Trinamool, helping to further push their Bengali identity program.
Mamata Banerjee has recently used a Bengali identity to counter the display of Hindu nationalism by the Bharatiya Janata Party as he made incursions into West Bengal. Trinamool has designed a status symbol and is composing a state song, purportedly to affirm Bengali culture and mark the state as part of northern India, according to a report in the Indian Express.

Minister attacked the BJP for “foreign culture imported” in West Bengal. “People love Lord Shiva, the goddess Durga and Kali and others for centuries. This is a party that wants us to worship a particular god,” he said, referring to the BJP’s efforts to organize massive Ram Navami marches. While the BJP has used the Ram symbol efficiently in northern India, there is a god worshiped among Hindu Bengali – a point that Banerjee was trying to use in his favor to stir up the pot of Bengali identity.

However, his movement conducted a broader study of obligatory Bengali in the state, imitating the linguistic nationalism of southern India, where such laws have already been adopted. It is this movement that infuriated the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha in the mountainous regions of the state, which provoked violent protests, while the Mamata Banerjee cabinet met in Darjeeling June 8 (although this time, Banerjee had announced that the Bengali rule does not apply To the hills). The Gorkha Janmukti Morcha complained that the hill people of Nepal speak of the state were submerged by Bengali politicians – the Party sued as Banerjee celebrates the birthday of Subhash Chandra Bose in Darjeeling.

This is not the first time that the Benghazi ethnic tensions have been a catalyst for Gorkhaland. While the hills are dominated by the Nepal Gorkha, as the Himalayas give the Dooars plains, the population is ethnically fragmented with a large number of Bengalis and Adivasis added to the mix. In 2007, for example, the city of Siliguri, located in the Dooars, saw Gorkha Bengali riots. However, most versions of a future state of this Gorkhaland region include, although Gorkha is a minority here.

Along with all this, across the state, the idea of dividing West Bengal is a political charge idea that generates a lot of excitement.

Decades before there was a World Yoga Day, this is how BKS Iyengar won India over with his yoga

Decades before there was a World Yoga Day, this is how BKS Iyengar won India over with his yoga

Iyengar was an anomaly in the city of Maharashtra. It was distinguished by its strong Dravidian characteristics of its southern vénérage of India (dhoti) and its kudumi, much hair at the ankle which means Brahman’s focal point about God. The front of his head shaved, the kudumi like a long ponytail, while behind him.

This ponytail that Maharashtrians wanted to call a Shendi, was a subject of great joy, especially among the youth of Pune. Iyengar took to cover his head with a cap to keep people from mocking him.

To add to the ignominy, people call him crazy when he told them he was a yoga practitioner. But all these problems were minor compared to the prospect of returning to Mysore and the claustrophobic life he had brought there. Pune was allowed to have a new life.

When he first arrived in Pune, he was often asked if a couple conceived if they were doing yoga. Barely eighteen years old and, in her own words, a complete innocent in matters related to sex, she was going to say with confidence: “Yes. Yoga will help you if it is practiced regularly for three years.

From 1937 to 40, he stayed at a Rasta Peth hotel near the hippodrome; It was populated by regular farmers. Guests of racing fans who wanted to rely on their intuition are systematically asking for a number between eight and fourteen years.

Iyengar had no idea why they had done it and was too absorbed by life to pay much attention to the strange quirks of the people of the city. I had no idea they are betting on the horse with the number they chose that day. Apparently, he had enough success rates to get them back.

He soon began to receive more suspicious calls from people who wanted him to choose two numbers between 1 and 100. Producers apparently have done their dexterity when choosing the winning horse and now there were people speculating about the opening and closing prices of the Person calling cotton United States cotton every day. Once Iyengar realized that he had been used as a pawn to make money, he stopped to force them. He would find many more productive uses of his intuition in his teaching.

Dr. Gokhale had reached an agreement with six schools and Gymkhana Deccan that each institution could, by paying eight rupees fifty countries a month, send ten students selected for classes with Iyengar, allowing him to earn sixty rupees month.

The classes are held in Deccan Gymkhana club and there were ten students in total. None of those who had registered were from the Deccan Gymkhana Club. After six months, schools, saying there was not enough interest among the students, have canceled their contract with Iyengar. Although the students wanted to continue, Iyengar faced the prospect of closing the rookie class.

Fortunately, some friends of Dr. Gokhale participated in helping fund the class for another six months.

Dr. Gokhale has also organized conference events at the Club. With their antagonistic attitude towards yoga and Iyengar, the demonstrations have been pressed in the last ten minutes of the conference. Dr. Gokhale was clear about the division of labor.

Activists claim Tamil Nadu hid a key coastal plan to facilitate Ennore Creek encroachments

Activists claim Tamil Nadu hid a key coastal plan to facilitate Ennore Creek encroachments

In November 2015, Madras received its strongest rainfall in a hundred years, causing a major flood in the city. Activists attributed the intensity of flooding to an illegal construction that has drowned the city’s gutters that are natural opportunities.

Now there is evidence to support their demands. A comparison of the 1996 Coastal Zone Management Plan maps – which defines areas along the coast that can be opened to construction – with current satellite maps shows that the government itself is the biggest delinquent of its own Standards along with the largest estuary in the city, the Ennore Creek.

But that is not all. Coastal activists had initially approached several government authorities to obtain copies of the 1996 plan, but authorities said they had not owned it. After finally getting a copy of the plan, activists accused the government now of removing or concealing the document from approving illegal construction along the creek.

The coastal zone management plan regulates development activity in the area less than 500 meters from the high tide line, a geospatial demarcation highest point reached by the tide along the coast. It is approved by the state. The last official Tamil Nadu plan was developed in 1996.

Although coastal activists have identified violations of various state and central projects along the Ennore stream in the Tiruvallur district, the exact extent of the violations was unknown. This is because the coastal zone management plan for Ennore Creek was not available for public review. In fact, of the 31 cards that make up this plan across the state, only 11 are available online. Coastal activists could not get the other government organizations 20.

In response to a question about the right to information submitted in September 2014, the Tamil Nadu District Coastal Management Authority said that it did not have a copy of the coastal zone management plan for Ennore Creek.

Activists conducted an inspection of the records at the state’s coastal authority office earlier this year, but have not found the plane. Activists said that this meant that the authority had cleared the construction projects along the ravine without consulting the official map of the coastal regulation zone.

This reporter tried to contact the director of the Department of Tamil Nadu by means of telephone, text messages and email request asking the management authorities how coastal the district, which controls did not have a copy of the plan approved management of Coastal areas in 1996. No response has been received.

Activists from the Coastal Resource Center, an Engo in Chennai, finally got a copy of the plan from another social activist, Jesu, who works with the coastal communities of Nagapattinam in southern Tamil Nadu. Jesu had filed a right to information petition with the Department of Environment seeking copies of the plane shortly after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami hit the coast of Tamil Nadu. Taking into account the current satellite image map of Google Earth Ennore Creek with activists found that 1,090 acres of the 8,000-acre protected wetlands along Ennore Creek were invaded by government units and public sector plants.

Activists allege that state authorities have either suppressed or disguised the 1996 plan that illegal construction can go ahead.

The map on the left shows the approved plan for coastal zone management, 1996, while the right card invasion data. (Credit: The Coastal Resources Center).

Dalits in Mumbai’s Ramabai Nagar settlement greet Kovind’s presidential nomination with scepticism

Dalits in Mumbai’s Ramabai Nagar settlement greet Kovind’s presidential nomination with scepticism

The decision of the Bharatiya Janta party Monday in the direction of Bihar Governor Ram Nath Kevin as the presidential candidate has been interpreted by many political analysts as an attempt to win the support of Dalits, a community that has long suspected saffron group.

This impression has gained momentum when it seems likely that the appointment of Kevin, a Dalit Kanpur, may win the support of the two opposition leaders: Party leader Bahujan Samaj and Janata Dal Mayawati (states), leader Nitish Kumar, considered A defender of the poorest Mahadalits. Even when opposition leaders meet June 22 to develop their strategy to counter the BJP, Kumar said he was personally pleased to nominate Kevin.

However, in Ramabai Ambedkar Nagar, a region mainly north-east of Mumbai Dalit, few residents seem overly impressed with the BJP’s decision. It was just another example of the bank’s policy to vote, said Nilesh Barve, who works with a travel company. For entrepreneur Anil Jagdale civil work and mass student Rakesh Patil Kevin was simply “other puppet” minorities “in the hands of a casteist party”.

As of Monday, some residents of Ramabai Ambedkar Nagar had heard of Kevin’s low profile, even though he had previously led the BJP Dalit wing and was the director of Bihar during his candidacy.

“Several political parties use caste identities to fill their banks of votes and this movement is no different,” said Aruna Ahire, a housewife. “And if Ram Nath Kevin comes to power, he invades us again. Although he will be appointed to the top position, it will be a nominal position, nonetheless.”

Ramabai Ambedkar Nagar residents have a reputation for being more politically active than many other Mumbaikars. This reputation is due to a tragedy that occurred in the area on July 11, 1997, when a state of BR Ambedkar, the icon of Dalit who is the architect of the Constitution of India, was desecrated by a chain of shoes. People who protest against this law have been shot by police, which left 11 dead and 26 injured.

When the shooting occurred, the BJP was part of the alliance of state power, with the Shiv Sena. This act of injustice still weighs on many in the neighborhood, as well as other attacks against Dalits in recent years.

“Eleven from the same local Dalits died while in the office the last time the BJP was in power,” said Sudhakar Mais, a retired resident of Ramabai Nagar. Since then, other atrocities have continued, he said, pointing to the suicide of Dalit PhD academic doctor Rohith Vemula at Hyderabad University January 2016 for after a chain of events that began with a Vemula bout and other members of the Ambedkar Students Association entered With the student organization of the BJP, Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad.

“A Dalit nursing student was brutally murdered in Shirdi for the use of a ringtone that praised Ambedkar for more than two years,” he said more. “In this context, the designation of Kevin seems to be that the appeasement of minorities.”

But Deepak Bhosale, a trader, said he was grateful that the Dalits get a repayment representation. It is expected that with a Dalit to become president of India, frequent attacks against the Dalits will stop.

Gorkhaland demand: From street protests to silent rallies, photos capture the mood in Darjeeling

Gorkhaland demand: From street protests to silent rallies, photos capture the mood in Darjeeling

The hills of Darjeeling and Kalimpong in West Bengal have been simmered for almost three weeks.

The riots began in early June after Mamata Banerjee-led the West Bengal government, said the Bengali language is necessarily taught in schools across the state. The measure has found strong resistance in the districts of Darjeeling and Kalimpong, where they live Gorkha language mainly from Nepal.

But the language proposed was only the most recent flashpoint for resentment that had spread over decades and that protests refused to die even after Prime Minister Banerjee has said that the rule does not apply to districts of the hill.

The agitation becomes a widespread movement demanding a separate state of Gorkhaland – a movement that has gained strength in the 1980s and has appeared intermittently since – led by the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha. From June 12, Gorkha Janmukti Morcha, Bimal Gurung, began an indefinite strike in Darjeeling, which entered its ninth day, on Tuesday. The trial brought normal life to a standstill and took tourists out of the hillside.

Several violent incidents have been reported in Darjeeling and Kalimpong in the last two weeks, as protesters have set cars on fire and clashed with security guards. Gorkha Janmukti Morcha alleged that three of his followers were killed after security personnel opened fire on demonstrators on June 17. The state government responded to protests over the increased deployment of the armed and paramilitary forces in the state and The imposition of an Internet shutdown.

The movement for the creation of Gorkhaland peaked between 1986 and 1988 under the Gorkhaland National Liberation Front, led by Subhash Ghising, and according to various estimates, more than 1 000 people died during riots and police repression.

“He was eight years old when the uniformed combat people came to our door, suddenly we heard a shot, he ran to see my father lying in a pool of blood, gasping,” A Mukhia said Nereo, whose father David Mukhia died in 1986. “Whatever benefits or facilities the government gives, the wound is still there and will be replaced once we have our land.” Although the government makes us a boring year at this time, agitation will strengthen day by day … I believe that people who are in the vanguard give up under no circumstances.

Prabhat Ghisingh, a Gorkhaland activist, also loses a connection with the 1986 violence.

“I was 10 or 12 when security personnel killed my aunt, an old person,” he said. “He was shot in the head … Now we have reached the state where we are strong with our support for a separate state Gorkhaland.”

Although the violent demonstrations and parliaments between the Center, the State, and the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha have grabbed the headlines, away, several independent and non-violent rallies and marches were also carried out in some parts of Darjeeling and Kalimpong then the movements of the People arise in response to the request of a separate Gorkhaland and the repression of the demonstrators.

Bulging waste-lines killing the Narmada

Bulging waste-lines killing the Narmada

In May of this year, a team of ecologists has traveled along the Narmada River since its origin in Amarkantak in the Anuppur district in the city of Arkansas in the district in Anuppur is Madhya Pradesh, in the Barwani district, in the Mouth of Gujarat in the west. They wanted to take stock of the situation of this ancient river and its environment as part of a high-level state government campaign for Narmada conservation.

What they found was a good reminder of how one of the sacred rivers of India is destroyed. In the 14 districts where they traveled, towns and cities used up untreated sewage and effluent pump industries, as well as deforestation on the surrounding beaches Satpura and Vindhya, dried up 60 of the 101 tributaries that fed the Narmada. The water table has dropped to levels below 300 feet or more from the surrounding area, the garbage piled up in the cities and riverbanks are invaded.
The sand extraction mechanized unrestricted from about 1,100 km long Narmada MP. Several species of fish, including Mahaseer, are in terminal phase due to contamination and destruction of the habitat.

“Even at the source, the Narmada Kund in Amarkantak, we find pipes that discharge sewage into the river and people deféchaient on the opposite shore,” TOI Vinayak Parihar, a member of the team, told TOI. The trip was organized by the Vicar platform Madhya Pradesh small environmental groups and other advocacy groups. Almost none of the urban centers located on the banks of the river has water treatment plants (STP). Jabalpur, the largest city of Narmada, produces 200 million liters of wastewater per day, but only occupies 0.55 MLD. An STP 50 MLD built near the village of Kathauda is not functional.

Along the length, the industrial units are being the discharge of effluent into the river or its tributaries. In Jabalpur, a gelatine factory Lahaina Ghat allows effluents to flow into the river since six mills in Narsinghpur, the industrial belt in Hoshangabad Suhagpur and several dozens large dairies.

The State Pollution Control Board has filed cases against 18 municipal bodies located within 10 km of the Narmada River, including civil organizations Jabalpur, Hoshangabad, Mandla, Dindori, and Bhedaghat.

In addition, on the carpet are five industrial units, including the central government security paper factory, located in Hoshangabad. The team found that small and large tributaries along the entire river were in danger. All are used to carry water all year round for about a decade. Now, almost two-thirds are dry, many lost forever.

“Invasion mining and major sand destroyed the canals while deforestation of the surrounding forests dried up water sources,” Parihar said.

In Hoshangabad, for example, there are only 11 approved sand exploration sites, but the team found that the extraction takes place at 50 sites. At the lower end of the river, as it passes through Khandwa and Dewas, most of the tributaries do not flow when the water backed up Indra Sagar.

Parihar said bright shows involving politicians and movie stars are of little use, as it gives the river a living entity status. Until the government to seriously implement existing laws and involves people in this area, Narmada will continue to die a thousand deaths.