The debate over the Teesta river basin has become essential for the relationship between Bangladesh and India.
The rise in the eastern Himalayas, Teesta through two states of India – Sikkim and West Bengal – before reaching Bangladesh and merging with the Brahmaputra.
But how does it work, except during the four months of the monsoon from June to September?
This has become essential, as the governments of India and Bangladesh want to sign a treaty to share water Teesta, but the state of West Bengal opposed it, saying there is not enough water to share. Given the federal system in India and the current political situation, it was impossible for New Delhi to ignore Calcutta – a situation that may continue.
Bangladesh and India share 54 transboundary rivers. While the treaty of Teesta was merged again during Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s visit to New Delhi in April, the Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee, offered to share the other rivers water place. The Bangladeshi government does not agree.
What is the main reason for the opposition of the Government of West Bengal? As reported for the first time by thethirdpole.net, an internal report from the State Government states that in the period of scarcity, Teesta approximates 1/16 of the water needed to support rice culture in the dry season – the main way of life Of the majority of people living in this part of West Bengal.
Following this report thethirdpole.net, there were reports in the Bangladeshi media that the West Bengal government moved most of Teesta water away from the river to the mother and took it to Gajaldoba Mahananda the river through a channel Union. The Mahananda through West Bengal and Bihar before merging with the Ganges slightly upstream of the Farakka Dam.
To see what was happening, a journalist assigned to thethirdpole.net walked along the banks of the Teesta between Sikkim and Gajaldoba – the dam is just upstream of Jalpaiguri – and spoke with experts.
The trip in early June – before the scenery changes dramatically due to monsoon rains – has confirmed that only a little water flowed slowly on some twisted channels in the broad bed of the Teesta River.
But there was a lot of water, just upstream of the many hydroelectric projects already surpass the Teesta in Sikkim and West Bengal. This provides one of the answers to the question.
While traveling upstream along the Teesta, the project downstream of the Teesta (Phase IV) appears almost as soon as one enters the foothills of the Himalayas. This is supposed to be a 160-megawatt hydroelectric project on the river.
Just downstream from the dam, the riverbed is dry to the bone. Upstream, there is a large pool of standing water.
As we walk a few kilometers upstream, the scenario is repeated in the project Teide Project under the dam (Phase III), a current 132 MW hydroelectric project.
And it is the same upstream in Sikkim, which are running a number of river hydroelectric plants, while others are under construction. The larger the plant, the more its prey and the more stagnant pool above the dam.
River hydroelectric projects have been approved because they did not retain water. But that’s exactly what they do. Why?